Monday, October 21, 2013

Archaeologists Discover Last Neanderthals

Archaeologists have finished an important discover on a promontory to assist illustrate the home of the last Neanderthals in northwest Europe.
An archaeological excavate at Le Cotte de St Brelade in Brelade, Jersey, unearthed items which divulge the existence of Stone Age hunters at the bluff, The Register reported.
"In terms of the volume of residue, archaeological prosperity and deepness of time, there is nil else like it known in the British Isles," said Dr Matt Pope of the Institute of Archaeology at University College London, a research leader.
"Given that we consideration these deposits had been detached completely by earlier researchers, ruling that so much still leftovers is as thrilling as discovering a new site."
The site, which is off the coast of Normandy, France, has exposed more Neanderthal stone tools than the rest of the British Isles simultaneously. It holds the only known late caveman remains in Northwest Europe and an imminent into the early relatives of early human beings.
The archaeologists dated sediments at the cave site using a technique called optically enthused luminesce, which events the last time sand grains were uncovered to sunlight.
Dr Pope said the results showed that part of the succession of sediments dates between 100,000 and 47,000 years old, representing that Neanderthal teeth which were exposed at the site in 1910 were younger than earlier thought, and "doubtless belonged to one of the last Neanderthals to live in the region".

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Thursday, October 3, 2013

International Archaeology Day – October 19

International Archaeology Day 2013 has outshined 300 events! The Archaeological Institute of America's IAD 2013 will be detained October 19 and renowned during the month of October by above 150 collaborating organizations.
For the first year as International Archaeology Day about a dozen countries will also contribute. In the United States only, organizations from 45 states plus Washington, D.C. are hosting more than hundreds of events during the month of October to celebrate archaeology. Events held across Canada include those in the provinces of British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland, the Northwest Territories, Ontario, Quebec, and Saskatchewan. Other countries supporting IAD are Australia, Belize, Cambodia, Egypt, Ecuador, Germany, Iran, Jordan, New Zealand, South Africa, and the United Kingdom.
There is a wide sort of events offered such as lectures, practical activities, workshops, conferences and symposia, demonstrations, and exhibitions. Such a mixture of events allows all and sundry to find an event that fits their interests.
Explorers and nature-lovers should try the South Carolina Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology canoe trip on the Congaree River. During the tour, participants can learn about Paleo-Indian, colonial, and Civil War heritage in the area. A similar trip will be held in Massachusetts for New Englanders. For those interested in getting the scoop on ongoing excavations, the Archaeological Society of Athens is hosting a lecture in Vancouver explaining the past 10 years of archaeology done at the Petsas House in Mycenae.
The Traveling Museum of Oregon Prehistory will fascinate participants who enjoy demonstrations of prehistoric technologies and exhibitions of artifacts spanning 14,000 years. For money enthusiasts and those interested in workshops,"Archaeology of Money" will be hosted in Germany. At the international workshop, participants will discuss Eurasian money from prehistory to 20th century ethnographies. Pioneer Days and Indian Ways in Colorado is great for all ages, and will have learning stations on Pioneers and the Ute Indians, including an excavation station!
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Wednesday, September 18, 2013

Countryside Modifies At Popular Forest

Some big modifies are occurrence at Thomas Jefferson's Poplar Forest. They valor still be a little creepy to some lovers of the past belongings. Keepers of the earlier president's residence say a true narration fawn can only feel anticipation about the new plans, nevertheless.
With the range of boxwoods vanished from the abut sod; some say the change in view makes the centuries old home virtually unrecognizable. And staff members even disclose, it is a bit unattractive right now. Finally, while, they hope to turn it into a beautiful example of living history.
It all started with a mystery of historic proportions: Who actually planted Poplar Forest's iconic boxwoods? "There's always been a debate about whether they were truly part of the Jefferson design or not," said Jeffery Nichols, President and CEO of Poplar Forest.
Jack Gary and his group of archaeologists solved the mystery with science. "Throughout the excavations we strong-minded that the boxwood bushes that were here were not part of that scenery. They were planted probably in the 1850s," said Jack Gary, Director of Archaeology and Landscapes at Poplar Forest.
Jack and Jeff made history, by making the shrubs history, but it wasn't easy. "Removing such a long-standing visual effect of the house was difficult," said Nichols. Changes that big had to be OK'd by Poplar Forest Staff, an advisory board, and the Garden Club of Virginia. After they got the green light to get rid of the greens, Gary and his team started deeper excavations.
"It's through the archaeology that we find the exact locations, exact sizes. So then we match up the archaeology and Jefferson's records and we come up with a very accurate plan for what it would have looked like," said Gary. "We're not just removing these and leaving it open with a field of stumps here. Rather we're going to be restoring it back to Jefferson's vision," said Gary.
"In the end it's going to be absolutely the right decision and the only one we could make to move forward here at Poplar Forest," said Nichols. Jack Gary says they will be excavating until the end of this year. Then they'll start testing the samples they've collected.
After that, they'll take all that information and make maps of what the property used to look like, then use the maps to re-landscape the property as close as possible to Jefferson's original design.

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Thursday, September 12, 2013

Treasure near Temple Mount

Archaeologists have made what they're describing as a historic find at the foot of Jerusalem's Temple Mount gold coins and jewelry that hearken back 1,400 years.
"This happens only once in a lifetime," said the lead digger, Eilat Mazar, with the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, in NBC.
Among the discoveries: a 4-inch-wide medallion etched with a seven-branched menorah, a ram's horn and a Torah scroll; 36 coins; and a variety of gold and silver jewelry, including large gold earrings and a gold-plated silver hexagonal prism.
"The 36 gold coins can be dated to the reigns of different Byzantine emperors, ranging from the middle of the fourth century CE to the early century CE," said Lior Sandberg, a coin specialist with the Hebrew University's Institute of Archaeology, in NBC.
The pieces were discovered just feet from the southern wall of the Temple Mount, one of the world's most sacred holy sites that are claimed by three different religions Christianity, Judaism and Islam.
The archaeologist team made the find this spring and set to work to remove the treasures. They announced the discovery this week at a press conference near the site.

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Friday, September 6, 2013

Archaeological proof proposes King Solomon's excavation subsists

Archaeologists performing excavations in the south of Israel say they've exposed copper mines old-fashioned to the days of King Solomon.
Copper mines formerly thinking to have been built by early Egyptians in the 13th century B.C. really instigated three centuries later through the control of the legendary King Solomon, they said.
Intellectual study and investigation of materials found in the area -- the Timna Valley in Israel's Aravah Desert -- advocate the mines were operated by the Edomites, a semi-nomadic ethnic amalgamation mentioned in the Bible as warring regularly with Israel, a liberate from the American Friends of Tel Aviv University reported Tuesday.
"The mines are definitely from the period of King Solomon," Tel Aviv archaeology Professor Erez Ben-Yosef said. "They may help us understand the local society, which would have been invisible to us otherwise."
Excavation revealed a massive smelting camp containing the remnants of hundreds of furnaces and layers of copper slag, the waste created during the smelting process.
Cooperation among thousands of people would have been required to operate the mines in the middle of the desert, the researchers said.
"In Timna Valley, we unearthed a society with undoubtedly significant development, organization, and power," Ben-Yosef said. "And yet because the people were living in tents, they would have been transparent to us as archaeologists if they had been engaged in an industry other than mining and smelting, which is very visible archaeologically."

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Friday, August 23, 2013

Oldest Bog Body established with Skin undamaged

Archaeologists have discovered the remnants of a 4,000-year-old man conserved in an Irish peat bog, staining the oldest European body ever established with skin still unbroken.
The chilly, sodden circumstances of Northern European bogs create low-oxygen, extremely sour environments ideal for body continuation. As an effect, hundreds of "bog bodies" dating reverse thousands of years have been revealed in the state, but many have withered down to habitually skeletons and lean to be quicker to 2,000 years old.


An occupant of middle Ireland's County Laois came diagonally the fresh-looking "Cashel Man" -- named for the bog he was found in -- while milling for peat moss, which is used for a range of ranch purposes, together with animal-bedding and meadow taming.
"All that was visible to start with was a pair of legs below the knees, and a torso," Eamonn Kelly, an archaeologist at the National Museum and lead excavator of the project, wrote in the report. "The body appeared to be naked. Later, it was possible to work out that the torso had been damaged by the milling machine, which also removed the head, neck and left arm."
The team intended the age of the body using radiometric carbon dating, in which the steady decompose rate of radioactive carbon-14 is used to approximate age based on outstanding levels of carbon-14 in the quiet tissues. Amazed to locate the body was generally 4,000 years old, the team dated the peat over and under the body to prove the results, and came up with about the same age.
The researchers also originated cuts down the man's back that looked like ax wounds. They naked axes capable of producing such wounds within the vicinity of the site.
Given this indication of cruelty, the team completed that the young man had been killed in a sacrament forfeit, a observe generally well-known in later eras, but not well acknowledged in the Early Bronze Age of 2000 B.C., about the time this bog body would've lived.
"All the indications are that the human ruins from Cashel Bog tell of the fate of a young king who, through folly or misadventure, was deemed to have failed to appease the goddess on whose benevolence his people depended, and who paid the ultimate price," Kelly wrote.

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Monday, August 12, 2013

Startling Maya Statue Exposed From Obscured Pyramid

Maya archaeologist's statement a startling detection, a fresh-looking stucco statue exterior a covered tomb portrays the estimating of a Maya ruler.
Guatemalan relic officials proclaimed the breakthrough of the stucco frieze, some 30 feet long and 6 feet tall, discovered on the in the interior of a pyramid at the Maya city site of Holmul.
"It is one of the most tremendous things I have ever seen," says archaeologist Francisco Estrada-Belli of the Holmul Archaeological Project. "The conservation is magnificent as it was very vigilantly crammed with grime earlier than they in progress building over it."
The frieze was on one side of a staircase crypt that was inside a pyramid built by the later rulers of the site. Tinted red, with particulars in blue, yellow and green, it depicts three men wearing bird headdresses and jade jewels seated cross-legged over the head of heap strength. It is likely a representation of the crowning of a new ruler at the site around the year 590, according to Estrada-Belli, whose team's efforts were supported by the National Geographic Society/Waitt Grants Program. "We did not have the details of the ceremonies to fix a new king as we have here, until now," he says.
At Holmul, a dedication offers the frieze to an influential king in the nearby Snake kingdom, named "Ajwosaj Chan K'inich," who claims to have restored Holmul's rulers and gods to their equitable place in the ceremony it depicts. Fundamentally Holmul had switched sides alongside Tikal, the one-time pre-eminent power of the region, some 25 miles southwest of the site.
Dug into a stairway, the tomb within the exposed building yielded the skeleton of a man, his front teeth drilled and filled with jade beads, bounded by pots depicting the nine gods of the Maya gangland as well as other icons."He was certainly a member of the ruling class," Estrada-Belli says.
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Wednesday, August 7, 2013

Prehistoric Marsupials Exposed In Australian Vestige Pasture

Numerous earlier strange species of marsupials have been discovered in Australia. Researchers made discovers through the dig of a location near Queensland. So far they've dug up almost 4,000 lb. of rock and fossils for investigation.
Many of the fossils emerge to symbolize vanished and undocumented species of pouched kangaroo- and wallaby-like marsupials, as well a new species of bat.A more absolute portrayal of the species will approach jointly as the researchers study and piece together personage fossil finds.
The fossils probable fashioned about 13 to 5 million years ago as Australia transitioned from a balmy, steamy weather to baked recent surroundings. The era is basically mislaid from the relic proof.
"This was a serious era through which the extensive, fertile, prehistoric rainforests of Australia quickly gave way to progressively drier circumstances," dig leader Mike Archer, said in a declaration. "At least some of these new drops may help to fill out that critical 13-[million]-to-5-million-year-old space."
He added: "We expect that the new finds will soon be chased by many more, adding appreciably to our sympathetic about how Australia distorted from an Amazon-like world to the dry continent we see today."
Several relics exposed at the Australian site last month are previously demanding scientists' appreciative of marsupial fruition. That includes the unearthing of a 55 million-year-old ankle bone from a mouse-sized marsupial formerly consideration to have only lived in South America.
And a tooth fossil found at the site is analogous to teeth from a destroyed species from North and South America.
The conclusions confront an ancient hypothesis that marsupials traveled to the Australian region over a land viaduct in a single enormous migration occasion.

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Monday, July 29, 2013

English Ship Discovered In MD

Archaeologists functioning with Maryland's Historic St. Mary's City museum suppose they have exposed the remains of an English ship 10 feet below the St. Mary's River.
The museum proclaimed Thursday that archaeologist Scott Tucker and a team of helper divers found the leftovers this summer. They exposed a grave load of smoothed cobble pebbles in an oval-shaped area more than 50 feet long.
Tucker says the stones are exclusive and not emblematic of Maryland. They would have been used as counterweight to offer weight and solidity to the ship. Tucker says the stones may have come from the North Devon seashore of England.
Archaeologists also found a formed wooden splinter that may have been part of the ship's bilge pump. But no timbers from the ship's constitution have been revealed.
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Sunday, July 14, 2013

2,000-Year Old Pyramid Originated In Mexico

The National Anthropology and History Institute, or INAH, announced the detection of 30 pre-Columbian funerals and a pyramid in an ancient completion in eastern Mexico that could be up to 2,000 years old.
The momentous placed in the town of Jaltipan, Veracruz State, were convoyed by contributions, animal leftovers and fossils. Also originated was a brick formation with characteristics comparable to one at the Mayan site of Comalcalco in Tabasco, INAH said in a communique.
Beginning hypotheses point out it could have been a refuge where people of the region buried their dead, or perhaps a kind of market or a center of government where different cultures combined. Its use could date back to 700 A.D.
Research leader Alfredo Delgado said the unearthing occurred in the course of production work being done in the area. Among the objects found and detached for future study were emerald beads, mirrors and figurines of Teotihuacan, Mayan, Nahua and Popoluca origin, and from the Remojadas culture that thrived in central Veracruz.
"Analyses will facilitate us to see whether this site was multicultural, as is indicated by materials found, or whether the populations were all of the similar hereditary type. "This find has great value not only for the number of skeletons found, but also for the fossils that have appeared, and which at some time were brought from the central part of the country, since in this region that are no remains of this kind," the archaeologist said.
Very large bones and teeth were found that could be from early camelids and dwarf rhinos, fossilized shark's teeth most positively of the Megalodon type - vanished for more than 10,000 years - and of the tiger shark that still swims the seas.
The discovery of the pyramid, which is 12 meters (39 feet) high, 60 meters (197 feet) deep and 25 meters (82 feet) wide, on a nearby hill, is mainly important because this is the first time a stone constitution has been exposed in southern Veracruz.

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Monday, July 8, 2013

Medieval tower and paintings exposed by Polish archaeologists in Sudan

Flawlessly conserved part of medieval enrichment scheme and paintings in the church from the 9th century has been exposed by Polish archaeologists in Old Dongola, Sudan.
Dongola Citadel is situated on the encouraged rock on the depository of the Nile. It was bounded by buttresses built in the late fifth and sixth centuries. "Towers in Dongola were huge structures built of dried bricks and crushed stonework blocks. They were built at regular distances of 32-35 meters" - told PAP head of the mission, Prof. Wlodzimierz Godlewski.
In order to reach the tower, archaeologists had to wade from side to side the bits and pieces of the seventeenth century house built on the tower crown. The tower and buttresses was dated to the turn of fifth and sixth centuries. Its exterior, brick cladding has been added in the fifteenth/sixteenth century. Desert sand quickly covered unused fortifications. Its parts were used as residential house walls.
Another important finding of the Polish mission in Dongola are paintings located in the church adjacent to the king Joannes palace (sixth century). It is a big central basilica, measuring 25 x 15 meters, with walls and circular pillars in the southern and eastern parts preserved to a height of more than 4 m.
"Last season, slowly, as the conservation progressed, we have been uncovering the interior of the building. On the walls, as well as pillars and pilasters, appear more paintings on plaster made of lime" - said Prof. Godlewski.
Plaster surface is severely damaged and requires constant conservation during the excavations. However, the quality of the paintings - according to experts - is noteworthy. They depict Christ, Mary, saints, angels and archangels. Works of painting are accompanied by Greek inscriptions, but also Old Nubian texts, probably added later. According to the researchers, the church was built probably in the ninth century. Then, the city flourished as never before and never after.
Dongola was the capital of the Christian Makuria until the fall in the fourteenth century. The kingdom stretched from the northern area of today's southern Sudan to Egypt. Polish archaeologists have been conducting excavations here for many years in various research projects. Excavations were initiated by Prof. Kazimierz Michalowski - the founder of the Polish school of Mediterranean archeology.
Prof. Wlodzimierz Godlewski's team primarily explores architectural complexes around the so-called Citadel. The work is carried out in cooperation of the Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology, Department of Archaeology of Egypt and Nubia, Institute of Archaeology, University of Warsaw and the National Corporation for Antiquities and Museums in Sudan. In the last season, research was carried out intermittently from November 2012 to February 2013.
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Wednesday, July 3, 2013

Pyramid Destroyed In Lima

Archaeologists' censure two building companies for demolishing part of ancient pyramid in the Lima district of San Martin de Porres.
The pyramid El Paraiso, situated near the river Chillon, is one of the oldest structures built in the Americas, made up of 12 pyramids and layering over 64 hectares.
Archaeologist Frederic Engel said in a report that El Paraiso could have held between 1500 and 3000 residents and vital over 100,000 tons of rock to build, which was taken from the hills adjoining the arrangement, and was likely used for spiritual and service purposes. Proof shows the society living there was from the Late Pre-Ceramic Age.
In spite of its apparent significance to Peruvian culture, this pyramid was bang down and later burned by several clandestine groups that entered the site on Saturday.
Archaeologist Marco Guillen Hugo was in charge of the research and excavation of this site and reported to El Comercio that he had reason to believe two private building companies, Company Promotora Provelanz E.I.R.L and Alisol S.A.C Ambas, were last the obliteration.
"This isn't the first time they have tried to take over this land," Guillen told the daily. "They say they are the owners, even though this land is untouchable."
The Ministry of Culture has said that although the companies claim to own the land, it is actually under state control.
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