Southwark has an immensely rich and important archaeological heritage dating from 10,000 years ago to the industrial remains of the last century.
The Romans set up their provincial capital of Britain at a settlement near London Bridge and Borough High Street. This area was also the location of the medieval settlement of Long Southwark, famed for its fairs and inns.
The areas of archaeology excavation importance stretch beyond this to include Bankside where important Elizabethan and Stuart playhouses such as the Globe and the Rose were located. Historic villages further south also contain important archaeological information.
Southwark Council has policies to protect the borough's archaeology and a dedicated archaeology officer ensures that these are adhered to.