Archaeological excavations conducted some 30 years ago around the Damascus Gate to the Old City revealed remains of a Roman plaza and gate dating back almost 2,000 years, to the time when Jerusalem was still called Aelia Capitolina. The gate, which archaeologists say was built during Caesar Hadrian's reign, consists of three entrances, the easternmost of which remains almost completely intact.
Since the discovery, the square has been converted into a museum devoted to the history of Damascus Gate. Among the items on display are the two guard towers made out of stone that was used in Second-Temple-era buildings. One of them is accessible and to the public and connects to the Ramparts Walk, which takes you around the Old City along the top of the walls.
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