Monday, February 28, 2011

Peru Archaeological and Historical Monuments

And discover a world of archaeological sites that date back before Inca times. Visit the relics left behind by cultures whose presence lingered long after they were conquered.

You can start at the pilgrimage site of Chavín de Huántar, a fortress temple, built around 1200 BC. Marvel at the impressive carved stone heads, and 15 foot high dagger-shaped stone monolith or "Lanzón" which lies inside a mysterious labyrinth of tunnels.

Witness the ancient imperial Chimú Culture, dating from 1100 BC at the remains of Chan Chan, the largest adobe brick city in South America. Located deep inside the northern desert, archaeologists still puzzle over how such an advanced culture developed in this harsh environment.

Another spectacular pre-Inca site is the fortress of Kuélap, a walled city built from stone at 9,840 feet above sea level and surrounded by a cloud forest. From the Chachapoyas culture, which means "the cloud people" this site lies at the summit of a mountain and is thought to have taken 200 years to build (from 1100 to 1300 BC).

Best seen by air, the famous Nazca Lines create a final memorable experience. One of Peru's great mysteries, these geometric lines form animal figures, and date back to 500 BC. The site is believed to have been used as a huge astronomical calendar.

Much earlier than the Incas and while civilizations like the Mesopotamian, Egyptian, Indian, and Chinese (3000 and 2000 B.C.) flourished, the city of Caral, located north of the city of Lima, was built; this was the first American expression of a Pre-Ceramic urban settlement with monumental architecture in an area greater than 10 hectares. Later, in the northern highlands, the Chavin achieved significant advances in architecture, engineering, and agriculture. Caral was declared Cultural World Heritage Site by UNESCO (June 2009)

Discover it all for yourself. Come to Peru. Where you'll experience all these archaeological monuments, along with the remains of an ancient culture that's still very much alive.

Peru is one of the countries that has a rich millennial tradition that begins with distant historical trace of nomads, hunters and collectors, the big pre-Inca civilizations appear, from the Chavín to the Chimú cultures, opening the way to the great Inca Culture.

Through the vast territory of the coast and mountain, we can find big and wonderful archaeological centers, in those that you can magnify the art and development of each one of these big towns, and to come closer to them, knowing their works, many of them harbored in museums.

It will be easy to find the beauty and greatness of these archaeological locations next to beautiful landscapes, among snowy mountains of the Mountain Range of the Andes.

Peru Historical & Cultural

The history of Peru continued getting rich after the Spanish conquest, and we have inherited the beauty of its architecture, painting, music, handicrafts and other big art expressions, many of them with the contribution of the Mestizo style.

They are more than 460 years, from the arrival of the Spaniards, and today Peru has cities and corners of singular beauty, with the inheritance of traditions in which the western and Indian cultures had melted. It is something common to travel by streets in which centennial traditions and soul are preserved.

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For more interesting topics related to archaeology, visit archaeology excavations.

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