Monday, March 18, 2013

Stonehenge started as enormous cemetery

British researchers have anticipated a new hypothesis for the genesis of Stonehenge: It may have started as a huge interment land for leader’s families around 3,000 B.C. New studies of cremated human leftovers excavated from the site propose that about 500 years before the Stonehenge we know today was built, a larger stone circle was erected at the same site as a society graveyard, researchers said Saturday.
"These were men, women, children, so presumably family groups," University College London professor Mike Parker Pearson, who led the team, said."We'd thought that maybe it was a place where a dynasty of kings was buried, but this seemed to be much more of a community, a different kind of power structure."
Parker Pearson said archeologists premeditated the cremated bones of 63 individuals, and whispered that they were obscured around 3,000 B.C. The spot of many of the cremated bodies was initially marked by bluestones, he said. That earlier rounded field, which deliberate around 300 feet (91 meters) across, could have been the burial ground for about 200 more people, Parker Pearson said.
The team, which included intellectuals from more than a dozen British universities, also put forth some theories about the point of the second Stonehenge - the tombstone still footing in the geography in southern England today.
Assorted theories have been anticipated about Stonehenge, counting that it was a place for Druid worship, an observatory for astronomical studies, or a place of curing, built by early residents of Britain who roamed around with their herds. Parker Pearson said the latest study recommended that Stonehenge should be seen less a temple of worship than a kind of construction project that served to unite people from across Britain.
Scrutiny of the remains of a Neolithic arrangement near the monument indicated that thousands of people traveled from as far as Scotland to the site, bringing their livestock and families for huge feasts and merriment during the winter and summer solstices.
"We don't think were living there all the time. We could tell that by when they were killing the pigs - they were there for the solstices," he said. The researchers consider that the builders converged seasonally to build Stonehenge, but not for very long - likely over an era of a decade or so.
The mass tombstone construction is idea to end about the time when the"Beaker people," so called because of their typical ceramic, arrived from continental Europe, Parker Pearson said.
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